Classic Pétanque can be played:
1 on 1 : “tete à tete / single” ; 3 boules by players
2 against 2 : “doublette / double” ; 3 boules by players
3 against 3 : “triplette / triple” ; 2 boules by players
The rules of are very simple.
– The aim is to toss, or roll the boules as close as possible to the jack.
– Teams take turns to take over the points from one another.
– Points are given to the team that ends up nearest to the jack when all boules are played. (as many points per boules that is closer to the jack from that team)
– The first team to reach 13 points wins the game. ( shorter game can be arrange by going to 11 points only)
The Field / Playing surface:
Minimum field needed for a game of pétanque is of 12 x 3 m + about 1 meter around the field called Dead ball zone. For National and International competition the field size is of 15 x 4 meters + 1 meter for dead zone.
Unlike most sports Pétanque can be played on a very wide range of surfaces. Even better, the only guideline is for the surface not to be so Flat that a player can roll a boule dead straight. Also the surface should be hard enough for the boule not to sink into it when landing. Grass is not a option to play on.
Distance of play by age category (on throwing the jack)
Benjamin: 4 to 7 meters
Minims: 5 to 8 meters
Cadets: 6 to 9 meters
Junior / Senior: 6 to 10 meters
Pétanque is about skill and tactics so success in Pétanque is not about physical strength. Every body can do it, enjoy and improve his/her skills in Pétanque…! practice is the only key.. It can be played socially between a group of friends, or it can be a very competitive sport. It is up to the individual player to determine what they want to get out of the sport.
For competition age classification are as follow:
Benjamin: under 9 years old within the year
Minims: 10, 11, 12 years old within the year
Cadets: 13, 14, 15 years old within the year
Junior: 16, 17 years old within the year
Senior: 18 and over within the year
Veteran: over 60 within the year
There are two main types of actions in Pétanque:
Pointing: trowing the boule to place it as close as possible to the jack and win the point
Shooting: trowing the boule to hit the boules of opponent teams, take them out of the score and even better replace them by yours…
It sounds easy but when one realizes that the surface the game is played on is normally fairly uneven it becomes a real challenge
The choice of your Boule Set:
– Diameter varies between 65 to 80 millimeters; choice will be made according to your hand size
Mostly used diameters: 74, 75 mm for Men / 72, 73 mm for Women / 65 to 72 for young players, small hands.
– Weight varies between 650 to 800 grams
Most usual weight used:
700 to 730 gr for Men 680 to 710 for Shooters
680 to 710 gr for Women 700 to 740 gr for Pointers
There are a lot of different striation proposed by manufacturers. The main function being for boule identification. Shooters tend to use smooth boule to avoid “catching” in the hand when Pointers prefer the one with striation for better grip and effect control on the ground.
Soft boules: less bounce / jump on hard ground ; but worn faster on impact – chosen by competition shooters
Half Soft boules : the good general purpose choice ; for both pointing or shooting on any ground
Hard boules: good for soft grounds and long lasting. General Pointer choice.
– Handling the Boule:
1/ Rolling point 2/ Half-lobe point 3/ High-lobe point
1/ Full Iron shot 2/ In Front shot 3/ Rolling shot
About Precision Shooting:
Since 2000 , Precision shooting is a new category of Petanque games; more focus, more precision needed there !